Academic Courses 

The formidable and often dangerous martial arts have been largely unrecognised by governments, and as a consequence their schools, instructors, and practitioners have never been adequately regulated. To maintain high standards and competent delivery of martial arts instruction the World Martial Arts Council engaged renowned martial arts academics on the production of scientifically researched content, and formulated courses accessible to students regardless of location, grade or prior educational achievement. The level of knowledge and competence to become a proficient martial arts instructor requires more than physical fitness, and in order to attain high standards many subjects are covered by a variety of courses. Students are provided with the opportunity to undertake physical training through global exchange programmes, and whilst prior educational qualifications are not required to enrol on these courses, registration with the World Martial Arts Council is compulsory. This is a simple free online procedure, and there is no necessity to be affiliated to any other martial arts organization.

Non-Academic Courses

Director of Training

Andrew Manwaring Cert.Ed., MICM.

Andrew Manwaring is the CEO of Affiniti Training and founder of Defence4. He has worked and been a trainer in a number of different sectors including the Military, Security, Education and Health & Social Care, has over 33 years of experience in Martial Arts, having trained and taught all over the world. He has worked in the Security Industry as a Door Supervisor, Close Protection team leader and trainer, been a College Lecturer, as well as developing Qualifications, Training Trainers and Quality Assuring for a National Awarding Organisation. He has been a Consultant on Self-Defence and Physical Intervention, developing techniques and risk assessing them for National Accreditation, for organisations such as; the NHS, Local Government, G4S, Police Defence Tactics trainers, Police Close Protection trainers and Police Special Operations (Counter Terrorist) trainers.

Accredited Training Courses  

Affiniti Training is a Preferred Training Provider and is a registered with the UK Register of Learning Providers & Skills Funding Agency (UKRLP Ref N° 10035265), a Registered Centre for Qualsafe Awards and the Institute of Conflict Management, and Defence 4 is a fully accredited and structured Self-Defence System.  A full range of formal qualifications that give instructors the confidence and skills to deliver training, conflict management and physical skills in any sector is available, all of which are accredited by National Awarding Organisations and Chartered Institutes.  The minimum age requirement is 18 years for all courses with the exception of Level 1 Coaching Children & Young People in Sport where the minimum age is 16 years.

Level Three Courses

Level 3 Award in Education and Training

The qualification is the minimum standard for all those teaching in the learning and development sector. It introduces the knowledge and skill required by teachers to develop and deliver programmes, provide learners with support and be able to take responsibility in managing the learning process with adults. In response to recommendations made by a government commissioned independent review panel, teaching qualifications have been simplified and re-named.

*This qualification replaces the Level 3 Award in PTLLS.

Level 3 Delivering Conflict Prevention & Management Training

This qualification is suitable for all those who aim to deliver training for the security Industry. It would also benefit those who wish to deliver Conflict Management training in any other sector.

Level 3 Delivering Physical Skills Training

This qualification is suitable for all those engaged in the provision of providing training to others in the physical management of challenging and violent behaviours, for security industry training as well as in any other sector.

Level 3 Health & Safety in the Workplace 

This three day health & safety training course is suitable for supervisors, owners, team leaders or managers responsible for health & safety. It examines health & safety from a supervisory perspective. Supervisors have both a legal and moral responsibility to look after the health & safety of employees. This qualification will enable managers and supervisors to improve the health & safety culture of their organisation, whatever its size or activity.

*This course will also enable trainers to deliver Level 1 and Level 2 Health & Safety qualifications (with appropriate training qualifications).

First Aid Trainers Workshops

This one day trainers workshop would enable a trainer, with and existing teaching/assessing qualification (like the education and training above) and Level 3 FAW, to deliver accredited first aid qualifications.

Self-Defence Trainer's Workshops - Train the Trainer's Course for Men, Women, Children or Over 55s Self-Defence

A short course for instructors wishing to deliver self-defence training that covers raising awareness, avoiding situations and improving confidence. The course’s practical techniques are based on the most common attacks for each group type, and all techniques are risk assessed to the Institute for Conflict Management (ICM) standard.

Online e-learning and course books are available for all theory and/or pre-course material.

*Please see our Defence 4 website for further details.

www.self-defence-4.co.uk/self-defence-courses.html

*Qualifications in Assessing and Quality Assurance are also available.

First Aid Courses

In the UK instructors/businesses are required to assess the level of First Aid provision they have in place (as set out in the Health & Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981). Instructors in other countries will need to check the local requirements. Most UK Governing Bodies require all instructors to have a first aid qualification alongside their coaching qualifications.

Basic Sport First Aid (3 hours)

AED - Defibrillator (4 hours)

EFAW - Emergency First Aid at Work (6 hours)

EFAW + Sports Injuries - Emergency First Aid at Work + Sports Injuries (7 hours)

FAW - First Aid at Work (3 Day Course 18 hours)

FAW Requalification - First Aid at Work Requalification (2 Day Course 12 hours)

Paediatric First Aid Course (2 Day Course 12 hours)

Open courses are available in a limited number of locations, but we can deliver training for you and your staff in most UK locations. Prices are based on how far the trainer has to travel, but are much less than St John’s or the Red Cross, while still delivering high quality courses that are nationally recognised qualifications. Place are limited to 12 learners per trainer, and the size of your venue.

Email WMAC@AffinitiPro.co.uk for quotes - There is 10% discount for WMAC registered clubs. 

Sports Coaching Courses

Level 1 Coaching Adults in Sports

For assistant instructors and new instructors

Duration: ½ day (3 hours)

Description

Clearly defines coaching and introduces the basic components of coaching sessions. Including sections on the roles, responsibilities and qualities of a coach, it is an ideal introduction for new and existing coaches. The emphasis is to outline safe and ethical coaching practice with specific focus on the Code of Conduct for Sports Coaches.

Aims

  • The course provides coaches with an introduction to the principles and practice of safe, ethical and effective coaching of players of all ages.
  • The course qualifies the coach to act as an assistant to a more qualified coach.
  • The Level 1 Certificate in Coaching Sports aims to develop a coach's ‘How to Coach’ skills as well as improve their 'What to coach skills'.

Objectives

By the end of this workshop coaches will have knowledge of:

Theory

  • Describe the learning and coaching process.
  • Identify the roles and responsibilities of a coach.
  • Describe the competencies of a coach.
  • Identify good coaching practice.
  • Identify and explain own coaching style.
  • Assess their own communication skills and action plan to increase their effectiveness.
  • Identify how to build and maintain good relationships.

Practical

  • Demonstrate coaching a warm-up technique.
  • Demonstrate the coaching a training technique.
  • Produce a self assessment of their coaching & communication skills and an action plan for their own further development.

Level 2 Coaching Adults in Sports

For club instructors

Duration: 1 Day (6 hours)

Aims

  • Building on the Level 1 Certificate the course develops greater depth of knowledge of the sports coaching and the principles and practice of safe, ethical coaching of players of all ages.
  • The course qualifies the coach to ‘prepare for, deliver and review coaching session(s)’.

Description

The course provides practical tips to help develop coaching skills and allow participants to get the most benefit from your sessions. Also it includes sections on planning, organising and delivering sessions. Featuring everything you need to be an effective coach, the emphasis is on detailing the fundamental components of the coaching process – to Plan, Deliver and Evaluate.

Objectives  

By the end of this workshop coaches will have knowledge of:

Theory

  • Construct the planning, preparation and evaluating of coaching sessions.
  • Identify the factors required in running effective training sessions.
  • Identify requirements for going to competitions and events with participants. 
  • Describe effective methods of giving feedback on performance.
  • Describe how we can monitor the physical and mental condition of participants.
  • Identify appropriate information to plan coaching sessions.
  • Identify techniques to develop participants’ performance.
  • Identify what is required to provide safe and effective coaching sessions.
  • Identify what is required to establish a safe environment for coaching.

Practical

  • Produce a lesson/session plan.
  • Demonstrate teaching a short session (warm up & training technique from the session plan).
  • Produce a self evaluation of current their current teaching/coaching sessions and an action plan for implementation of improvements.

Level 3 Coaching Adults in Sports

For heads of clubs or associations (those wishing to implement their own club/organisation coaching programme).

Duration: 2 days (12 hours)

Aims

  • To provide candidates who have an ongoing involvement in sports with the necessary skills, knowledge and experience to deliver a coaching programme and demonstrate their coaching ability.
  • The Level 3 courses offer an opportunity for candidates to learn how to effectively apply the principles of performance profiling, goal setting and designing, planning and evaluating a training programme and practice.
  • It also aims to enable the candidate to create an effective coaching environment, establish supportive working relationships and manage the behaviour of players and others. This is achieved through an understanding and the application of the underpinning knowledge of the Level 2 Coaching, plus expanding on areas of teaching and instruction.

Completing this course enables the Level 3 coach to teach the Level 1 & Level 2 courses within their own sports club/organisation (or with a Level 3 TSP/PTLLS deliver open courses on behalf of Affiniti Training).

Objectives         

By the end of this workshop coaches will have knowledge of:

Theory

  • Describe the learning and coaching process.
  • Identify the roles and responsibilities of a coach.
  • Describe the competencies of a coach.
  • Identify good coaching practice.
  • Identify and explain own coaching style.
  • Assess their own communication skills and action plan to increase their effectiveness.
  • Identify how to build and maintain good relationships.
  • Construct the planning, preparation and evaluating of coaching sessions.
  • Identify the factors required in running effective training sessions.
  • Identify requirements for going to competitions and events with participants.
  • Describe effective methods of giving feedback on performance.
  • Describe how we can monitor the physical and mental condition of participants.
  • Identify appropriate information to plan coaching sessions.
  • Identify techniques to develop participants’ performance.
  • Identify what is required to provide safe and effective coaching sessions.
  • Identify what is required to establish a safe environment for coaching.
  • Plan the structure of training programmes.
  • Identify different teaching styles.
  • Describe how different resources can be utilised in teaching.
  • Describe the need for the training to meet the learner’s needs and learning styles.

Practical

  • Produce a lesson/session plan.
  • Demonstrate teaching a short session (minimum 20-30mins, including warm up & training from the session plan).
  • Produce a written report on one of your lessons, describing the varied teaching styles and resources you use to meet the learners needs.
  • Produce a programme of training (scheme of work/rotational lessons) for one of your adult classes and provide the rational for its order.
  • Produce a self evaluation of your teaching & coaching program and produce an action plan for the implementation of your suggested improvements.

Coaching Children & Young People in Sport

Level 1 Coaching Children & Young People in Sport

For assistant instructors, instructors, junior instructors and all those wishing to coach children and young people in sport

Duration: ½ day (3-4 hours)

Description

This course helps to identify some of the differences between children and adults, the elements for warm-up and safe techniques for children in sport, and how to develop safe and effective coaching sessions for children. It identifies good coaching practice, types of learning difficulties in children, strategies for dealing with them, helps you to assess your own communication skills with children, and also how to build and maintain good relationships.

Aims

  • To provide coaches working with children in sport with the basic principles of good practice and child development.
  • The course qualifies the coach to act as an assistant to a more qualified coach teaching children and young people in sport.

The Level 1 Certificate in Coaching Sports aims to develop a coach's ‘How to coach’ skills as well as improve their 'what to coach’ skills.

Objectives

By the end of this workshop coaches will have knowledge of:

Theory

  • Explain the development of children within sport.
  • Identify the differences between children and adults.
  • Describe the elements for warm-up and safe techniques for children in sport.
  • Develop safe and effective coaching sessions for children.
  • Identify good coaching practice.
  • Identify types of learning difficulties in children and strategies for dealing with them.
  • Assess their own communication skills with children and action plan to increase their effectiveness.
  • Identify how to build and maintain good relationships.

Practical

  • Demonstrate coaching a warm-up for children, exercise or game.
  • Demonstrate the coaching a training technique for children.
  • Produce an assessment of their coaching & communication skills with children and an action plan for future development.

Level 3 Coaching Children & Young People in Sport                   

For heads of clubs or associations and those wishing to implement their own club junior coaching programme when combined with the Level 3 Child Protection course.

Duration: 1 day (6 hours)

Aims

  • To provide coaches working with children in sport with the basic principles of good practice and child development.
  • To protect yourself, the young people you are coaching and your employer by understanding and implementing good coaching practice.
  • To provide the coach with knowledge to be able to teach the Level 1 children and young people’s coaching course within their own club, or with a TSP/PTLLS to any club.

Objectives

By the end of this workshop coaches will have knowledge of:

Theory

  • Explain the development of children within sport.
  • Identify the differences between children and adults.
  • Describe the elements for warm-up and safe techniques for children in sport.
  • Develop safe and effective coaching sessions for children.
  • Identify types of learning difficulties in children and strategies for dealing with them.
  • Assess their own communication skills with children and action plan to increase their effectiveness.
  • Identify how to build and maintain good relationships.
  • Identify coaching practice and sport situations that might constitute poor practice and/or abuse.
  • Recognise key principles of code of conduct and their application to good coaching practice.

Practical

  • Produce a lesson/session plan
  • Demonstrate teaching a short session for children (minimum 20-30mins, including warm up & training from the session plan).
  • Produce an assessment of their coaching & communication skills with children and an action plan for future development.
  • Produce a programme of training (scheme of work/rotational lessons) for one of your children’s classes and provide the rational for its order.

Safeguarding & Child Protection Courses

Level 1 Child Protection Awareness Course

For assistant instructors, instructors, staff and volunteers coming into contact with children.

Duration: 1.5 hours

Aims

  • To learn about child abuse and how to handle situations if you have concerns.
  • To support staff in demonstrating their personal responsibility in their conduct towards the safeguarding of children.

Objectives

By the end of this workshop coaches will have knowledge of:

Theory

  • Recognise truths and myths surrounding child abuse.
  • Identify ways of dealing with their own feelings about child abuse.
  • Describe what constitutes abuse and identify the indicators.
  • Recognise signs and symptoms.
  • Identify appropriate action if a child discloses he/she has been abused.
  • Identify appropriate action if concerned about the behaviour of another coach or colleague.
  • Identify appropriate action if concerned about the behaviour of a parent/carer.

Level 3 Child Protection: Certificate in Child Protection

For heads of clubs or associations, child protection officers, or those wishing to implement their own Child Protection Awareness course.

Duration: 3 hours

Aims

  • To expand on the Level 1 awareness of child abuse and how to handle situations of concern.
  • To cover the requirements of a Child Protection Policy and how to create a safer environment for children.
  • Also to help club/association heads to complete the NSPCC Child Protection support unit’s Policy Standard criteria.

Objectives     

By the end of this workshop coaches will have knowledge of:

Theory

  • Recognise truths and myths surrounding child abuse.
  • Identify ways of dealing with their own feelings about child abuse.
  • Describe what constitutes abuse & identify the indicators.
  • Recognise signs and symptoms.
  • Identify appropriate action if a child discloses he/she has been abused.
  • Identify appropriate action if concerned about the behaviour of another coach or colleague.
  • Identify appropriate action if concerned about the behaviour of a parent/carer.
  • List the types of ‘patterns of abuse.’
  • Describe what is ‘Harm’ as defined in the Children Act 1989.
  • List the main requirements of a Child Protection Policy.
  • Identify the requirements of the CPSU’s policy standards and how they will work towards achieving them.

Disability in Sport Courses 

Level 1 Coaching Performers with a Disability in Sport

For assistant instructors, instructors, junior instructors, and all those wishing to coach students with disabilities in sport.

Duration: 3 hours

Aims

  • Develop your own coaching knowledge and skills to coach disabled players through inclusive and separate coaching sessions.
  • Discover new ways to adapt training and identify appropriate safety and medical considerations to meet your students’ needs.

This workshop answers some of the frequently asked questions posed by sports teachers, coaches and participants about how to work with disabled sports people. This includes ideas for inclusion, the course will introduce and offer guidance to any coach involved with disabled people in sport, the emphasis being to introduce coaches to inclusion and effective practice.

Objectives         

By the end of this workshop coaches will have knowledge of:

Theory

  • Identify the key points of the protection of vulnerable adults.
  • Identify why disabled people are important.
  • Explain when integration and segregation might be most appropriate.
  • Determine how to include disabled people in sport.
  • Select appropriate coaching activities.
  • Identify appropriate safety and medical considerations.
  • Review their own knowledge of how to adapt their coaching to the specific needs of sportsmen/women with a disability.

Practical

  • Produce a programme design and monitoring process for a disabled student taking part in your sport.

Level 3 Structuring Lessons for Performers with Disability in Sport & Safety and the Law

For heads of clubs or associations, Equality & Diversity/Disability officers and those wishing to implement their own Equality & Diversity or Disability Awareness course.

Duration: 6 hours

Aims

  • To expand on the Level 1 Disability in Sports and how to handle situations of concern.
  • To cover the requirements of a Disability Awareness Policy and how to create a safer environment for sportsmen and women.
  • To give further information on the protection of vulnerable adults and the requirements of Disability Discrimination (as part of the Equality Act 2005).

This Level 3 course will allow heads of clubs/associations or their Equality & Diversity/Disability officers to teach the Level 1 Disability in Sport course and therefore implement their own Equality & Diversity or Disability Awareness training in house.

Objectives          

By the end of this workshop coaches will have knowledge of:

Theory

  • Create effective coaching environments.
  • Disability and Law - Implications of the Equality Act 2005.
  • Students with disabilities - the do's and don'ts.
  • The requirements of a Equality & Diversity or Disability Policy for the protection of vulnerable adults.

Practical

  • Produce a programme design and monitoring process for a disabled student taking part in your sport.
  • Produce an Equality & Diversity/Disability Policy.

Health & Safety Courses

Level 1 Health & Safety: Foundation in Health & Safety

For all staff and volunteers.

Duration: 2 hours

Aims

  • This course will equip you with fundamental occupational Health & Safety knowledge and an appreciation of the essentials of good Health & Safety practice.

Objectives         

By the end of this workshop coaches will have knowledge of:

Theory

  • Identify health & safety requirements placed on employers and employees.
  • Describe the difference between a hazard and risk and identify the main causes of harm to staff.
  • Identify health, safety and welfare provisions in the workplace.
  • Describe the importance of following safe systems of work, procedures and rules.
  • Identify hazards and controls in respect to both safety and occupational health risks.
  • Describe how their own actions can reduce risks to health and safety.

Practical

  • Fill in a basic risk assessment of an everyday task.

Level 2 Health & Safety: Certificate in Health & Safety                                                       

For team and department leaders and club instructors.

Duration: 3 hours

Aims

  • This course will add to the Level 1 course in raising your awareness of occupational health & safety knowledge and build on the essentials of good health & safety practice.
  • This course will also help in making instructors/supervisors more aware of their role in ensuring compliance of the regulations by others.

Objectives         

By the end of this workshop coaches will have knowledge of:

Theory

  • Describe the terminology used in respect of health & safety, and the benefits of ensuring high standards of health & safety in the workplace.
  • Describe the principles of risk assessment and its role in a health & safety management system.
  • Describe how to identify and control common workplace hazards.
  • Identify the requirements for welfare provision in the workplace.
  • Describe how to promote a positive health & safety culture.
  • Identify the importance of consultation and good communication on health & safety.
  • Identify the need to keep records relating to health & safety matters.
  • Identify the role of training in motivating safe behaviour and adherence to health & safety procedures.
  • Describe the supervisor’s role in ensuring compliance with legal and organisational requirements with respect to health & safety.

Practical

  • Complete a risk assessment of a manual handling task in own club/place of work.
  • Identify how their own club/place of work meets the requirements for welfare provision in the workplace and show how improvements would be implemented, if required.

Level 3 Health & Safety: Managing and Risk Assessing Health & Safety

For heads of organisations, clubs or associations and health & safety representatives.

Duration: 6 hours

Aims

  • This course will add to Level 1 and 2 courses in raising awareness of occupational health & safety knowledge and build on the essentials of good health & safety practice.
  • This course will also help in making heads of departments and health & safety representatives more aware of their role in ensuring compliance of the regulations by others.

Objectives         

By the end of this workshop coaches will have knowledge of:

Theory

  • Describe what is health & safety, and who it applies to.
  • Identify who the employers have a duty to, under the Health and Safety Act 1974, and how far these duties go.
  • Identify at what level employers are required to have a written risk assessment.
  • Identify the main duties employees have in regard to health & safety.
  • Describe the terminology used in respect of health & safety.
  • Identify the main causes of accidents in the workplace.
  • Identify the cost of poor health & safety to employers.
  • Describe the benefits of employers consulting employees.
  • Identify the main types of occupational health hazard.
  • List some of the items you would consider for a workplace design or layout.
  • List the main areas (headings) for workplace hazards.
  • Describe the colours and shapes of safety signs.
  • Describe what PUWER stands for.
  • List the main mechanical hazards associated with machinery.
  • List the five steps to risk assessment.
  • Describe the definition of 'manual handling'.
  • List some of the main types of injury from manual handling.
  • List the main factors associated with risk assessing manual handling (LITE).
  • List the main reason a substance may be hazardous.
  • List the main forms a hazardous substance would come in.
  • List some of the control measures for COSHH.
  • List some of the points for the setting up of a workstation.
  • List some of the employer’s duties in regard to work at height.
  • List some of the control measures for transport and vehicles.
  • Identify the level of noise when an employer must assess the risk and provide protection for the control of noise at work.
  • List some of the control measures for noise at work.

Practical

  • Complete a risk assessment of a task in your place of work.
  • Identify how your own club/place of work meets the requirements on a health & safety policy and a risk assessment.

Future Academic Courses 

The formidable and often dangerous martial arts have been largely unrecognised by governments, and as a consequence their schools, instructors, and practitioners have never been adequately regulated. To maintain high standards and competent delivery of martial arts instruction the World Martial Arts Council will engage renowned martial arts academics on the production of scientifically researched content, and formulated courses accessible to students regardless of location, grade or prior educational achievement. The level of knowledge and competence to become a proficient martial arts instructor requires more than physical fitness, and in order to attain high standards many subjects will be covered by a variety of courses. Students will be provided with the opportunity to undertake physical training through global exchange programmes, and whilst prior educational qualifications will not be required to enrol on these courses, registration with the World Martial Arts Council shall be compulsory. This is a simple free online procedure, and there is no necessity to be affiliated to any other martial arts organization. The certificate, diploma, and degree courses will be open to students over eighteen years of age.

Academic Partnership 

The WorldMAC Academy is forming an alliance with a leading provider of online and distance-learning education, combined with a formal awarding body registered with the Qualifications Credit Framework (QCF).  Martial arts educational courses will be undertaken at every level of academic ability, vocational interest, and practical development, ranging from Certificate (Level 2) to Advanced Diploma (Level 5), and the possibility of a Martial Arts Science Degree.

 MMMM   MMartial Arts Sciences

This unique distance learning courses will be designed specifically for all martial artists and incorporate varying degrees of study.  They will be available for everyone regardless of geographical location, can be studied anywhere in the world, and consist of Levels 2, 3, 4, and 5 once established.  Each of these will comprise of five compulsory themed modules specific to the level undertaken, and offer the opportunity for students to begin at the lower or introductory level and change to the higher advanced learning, reading, and research levels during their study.

Modules 

1. History of Martial Arts - Specific to any chosen martial art.
2. Countries and Cultures - Explores origins and indigenous cultures.
3. Physiology and Anatomy - Examines how the body is used.
4. Psychology - Relates to martial arts and practitioners.
5. Practical Applications - Includes forms, techniques, health and safety, first aid, child protection, and management.

*All modules will be tailored to each level, may be upgraded at any time, designed to advance understanding, lead to formal qualifications, and provide external recognition for life.

Levels 

Level 2 - Certificate involves 122 hours of study, five assignments, and final examination taken over a period of 6 to 12 months, and equivalent to 3 GCSE Grades between A and C.  

Level 3 - Higher Certificate involves 220 hours of study, ten assignments, and final examination taken over a period of 12 months, and equivalent to 3 ‘A’ Level Grades between A and C.  

Level 4 - Foundation Degree involves 360 hours of study, 16 assignments, 2 assessments, and final examination taken over a period of 12 to 24 months, is equivalent to first year university study and awards 120 UCAS points.  

Level 5 - Advanced Diploma involves 650 hours of study and is a superior academic course taken over 24 months if taken without Level 4 - Foundation Degree.  This is equivalent to second year university study and awards 240 UCAS points.  If candidates have already successfully completed Level 4 they need only undertake the additional Level 5 material.  

Level 6 - BSc Degree 

The World Martial Arts Council supports academic pursuits in every country regardless of subjects studied, and the images below show Sifu Yeimy Ariza, WMAC National Representative for Colombia, at her graduation.  Those wishing to enrol for any of the above courses once these are available will be required to inform the Admissions Department as soon as possible to reserve a place on the next available programme.  Online applications and payment details will be sent when these are available.

*Contact wmac@worldmac.org

Martial Arts & Education

R. C. Gialogo, Vice-President of the World Martial Arts Union, acknowledges physical education classes are an integral part of most schools and academic institutions around the world, primarily to instil the importance of exercise in development, to promote healthy lifestyles, encourage sports programmes and activities, and to foster self-discipline, teamwork, and excellence. Although many schools, colleges, and universities are used as venues to teach martial arts, these are not yet included in any educational curriculum despite their many benefits, and the World Martial Arts Council is working to rectify this.

Defining Martial Arts

Martial arts are defined as fighting arts, with or without weapons, but not in the sense of street brawling. They are a system of interrelated combat techniques in which parts of the human anatomy are systematically used to punch, strike, kick and block. Training is often rigid and physically taxing, both external and internal aspects of individuals are developed, and there are several disciplines widely practiced as self-defence or sports. These include skills that originated mainly in Japan, China, Korea, Indonesia, and the Philippines, whilst others are of Western origin. Each have different forms, styles, and variations, and whilst the hard and external systems use the principle of force against force in which strength and power is used to overcome opponents, the soft or internal styles employ the principle of going with the force, in which the strength of opponents is used to defeat them. In addition, there are also eclectic styles that combine techniques from different martial arts to create systems more appropriate for self-defence.

Positive Effects of Martial Arts

Martial arts training contributes to the development of physical fitness, as the execution of the various vigorous movements of the arms, shoulders, torso, abdomen, legs, and feet performed continuously with rhythm, provide excellent training for muscular strength, flexibility, and cardio-respiratory endurance, which are the three basic health-related components of physical fitness. In addition, agility, balance, reaction time, and coordination are also developed, and there is the systematic influence of meditation, rhythmic breathing, and relaxation amounting to self-hypnosis, adherence to etiquette, constant group reinforcement, mutual help and criticism, and a sense of group cohesion with shared goals and ideology. Themes that enhance family development are identified as self-defence, self-confidence, physical vitality, concentration, respect, friendship, moral behaviour, spiritual development, a sense of achievement, and self-esteem. Whilst different systems cover a diverse range of activity in which they focus on training different traditions of combat practices, all are very similar in that they foster not only physical prowess but also mental, emotional, and spiritual balance.

Benefits of Martial Arts in Education Programmes

Due to alarming statistics regarding conditions influenced by the physical health and lifestyles of individuals, it is important to consider activities that prevent these, and one of the most immediate benefits of martial arts is they add to physical activity and subsequently, a positive influence on health and physical well-being. This in itself is sufficient reason to include martial arts in physical education programmes in schools, colleges, and universities in order to instil a proper physical regimen in the youth, which should ideally continue into adulthood. Constant practice leads to routine; routine physical activity shapes behaviour and character, and these are vital elements to continuous lifelong learning, achieving a healthy lifestyle, and developing alert and productive members of society. Apart from the obvious benefits, students of martial arts also learn self-defence techniques that have immediate and practical applications in everyday life, and another aspect is meditation through which spiritual and emotional strengths are developed. The introduction of martial arts into any curriculum is long overdue and these should be compulsory, especially as obesity and bullying are on the increase in many educational institutions in which respect and discipline have greatly diminished.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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